Genetic Engineering: Pros versus Cons in Deciphering Disease Mechanism

Science Insights, 25 July 2016
Volume 2016
Doi: 10.15354/si.16.re203
 
Review
Genetic Engineering: Pros versus Cons in Deciphering Disease Mechanism
Senzhu Bao, MD;*, Zhijian Lv, MD; Yanhong Li, MD; Jianming Ma, MSc;* Yun Zhang, MSc; * Shengmei Li, MSc; * Yonghong Jiang, MD; * Furong Yang, MD*
 
Author Affiliations
*: Department of Stomatology, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, Xining 811600, Qinghai, China
†: Department of Anesthesiology, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, Xining 811600, Qinghai, China
‡: Department of Pain, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, Xining 811600, Qinghai, China

∆: Correspondence to: Dr. Senzhu Bao, MD, Department of Stomatology, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, Xining 811600, Qinghai, China, Email:bao_bsz@126.com
 
 

ABSTRACT


Genetic engineering is a group of techniques that are being employed to change the genetic makeup of cells and move genes across the boundary of species to supply new organisms. There are a variety of techniques for moving genes by artificial means into recipient organisms.  These methods include using chemical or electrical treatments to facilitate direct DNA uptake by the host cells; mi-croinjecting of genes directly into host cells; firing tiny metal particles covered with the genes of interest into host cells (bioballistics); and using plasmids found in bacteria. Advantages and disadvantages exist for genetic engineering. Some advantages include produce new foods, tackling and defeating diseases and get-ting rid of illnesses in young and unborn children. Some of the disadvantages are may lead to genetic defects and limits genetic diversity. Genetic Engineering is one of the most controversial topics of this century. It might work miraculously but who knows the consequences of playing with the nature.

KeywordsGenetics; Medical science; Engineering; Regeneration; Intervention