Zika Virus: How Much Do We Know About This Bug?

Science Insights, 20 May 2016
Volume 2016
Doi: 10.15354/si.16.re190
 
Review
Zika Virus: How Much Do We Know About This Bug?
Allen E. Murphy, PhD*; Garbsen Long, PhD*,∆
 
Author Affiliations
*: Division of Public Health, The BASE, Chapel Hill, NC 27150, USA
∆: Correspondence to: Dr. Garbsen Long,  Email: g.long@basehq.org
 

ABSTRACT


An epidemic disease called Zika virus has been reported to have gone viral in the Caribbean and also central and South America in the year 2015. One of the most disturbing concerns which comes along with this infection is that it is now more apparent that there is increased incidence of microcephaly in fetuses of mothers who are infected with Zika virus. The biggest Zika virus outbreak was reported in the month of October 2013 which lasted till March 2014 in French Polynesia, and numerous people whom presented the symptoms of acute phase Zika virus were tested negative. The Zika virus is basically transmitted to individuals when one is bitten by a contaminated mosquito generally found in tropical areas. The virus is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The virus has a place with the same family as Chikungunya, Dengue, Yellow fever, and West Nile. Be that as it may, not at all like a percentage of the previously stated viruses, there is as of now no antibody that can be utilized to forestall or even treat the contamination. As of not long ago, Zika virus was to a great extent a dark virus kept to Asia and Equatorial Africa. In the month of November 2015, preliminary evidence shows that with upsurge in neurological complications in adults and microcephaly in neonates of mothers infected during pregnancy. Strategies are recommended for preventing the infection by this notorious virus under different conditions.

KeywordsZika virus; Mosquito; Microcephaly; Public health; Prevention