Published Nov 23, 2020

Jian Liu

Liman Zhao  

Xiaofeng Du

Guanxing Xu


Based on a sample survey of high schools in Province S of China, this study used quantitative statistical analysis to explore the ideal matching mode of sleep time and high academic performance and established a multi-level early warning mechanism for schools that sacrifice student sleep for high academic performance. The results showed that “students achieve the best academic performance when they sleep for eight hours or more.” This is an ideal matching mode for schools to ensure the healthy development of students and build a good educational environment. Teachers, schools, education administrators, and parents should hold correct educational values and view comprehensively the relationship between students’ sleep time and academic performance. For schools that sacrifice students' sleep time and blindly pursue high grades, a multi-level early warning mechanism should be established and their rectification should be supervised.



Academic Performance, Sleep Time, Matching Mode, Early Warning

Curcio, G., Ferrara, M., & De Gennaro, L. (2006). Sleep loss, learning capacity, and academic performance. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 10(5):323-337. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2005.11.001

Demirci, K., Akgönül, M., & Akpinar, A. (2015). Relationship of smartphone use severity with sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 4(2):85-92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.4.2015.010

Dewald, J.F., Meijer, A.M., Oort, F.J., Kerkhof, G.A., & Bögels, S.M. (2010). The influence of sleep quality, sleep duration, and sleepiness on school performance in children and adolescents: A meta-analytic review. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 14(3):179-189. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2009.10.004

Fallone, G., Owens, J.A., & Deane, J. (2002). Sleepiness in children and adolescents: clinical implications. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 6(4):287-306. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1053/smrv.2001.0192

Gu, M. (2018). Dedicating all love to children-commemorating the 100th anniversary of Suhomlinsky’s birth. International and Comparative Education, 40(11):3-3. [Chinese]

He, J., Zhao, X., & Jiang, B. (2007). Analysis of sleep quality and related factors of 618 high school students in the Haidian District, Beijing. Chinese School Health, 28(11):1001-1003. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1000-9817.2007.11.027

Hou, Y., Zhang, Q., Tang, J., & Deng, X. (2015). Analysis of sleep quality of high school students in Baoan District, Shenzhen. Chinese School Health, 36(10):1560-1562. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2015.10.039

Jiang, Y., Chen, W., Sun, W., Li, F., Li, S., Yan, C., & Jiang, F. (2011). Academic performance of school-age children under different sleep conditions. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 25(6):444-448. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1000-6729.2011.06.008

Knutson, K.L. (2011). Association between sleep duration and body size differs among three Hispanic groups. American Journal of Human Biology, 23(1):138-141. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.21108

Lemma, S., Berhane, Y., Worku, A., Gelaye, B., & Williams, M.A. (2014). Good quality sleep is associated with better academic performance among university students in Ethiopia. Sleep Breath, 18(2):257-263.

Liang, Z., Yang, S., & Li, J. (2006). Adolescent sleep deprivation and sleep health problems. International Medical Health Guidance News, 12(1):91-94. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-1245.2006.01.040

Lin, Q., Huang, R., Chen, J., & Yang, J. (2018). The relationship between learning stressors and sleep quality of middle school students in Guangzhou. Chinese Journal of School Health, 39(6):903-905+909. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2018.06.030

Liu, Q., Zhou, Z, Niu, G., & Fan, C. (2017). Mobile phone addiction and adolescent sleep quality: analysis of mediation and regulation. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 49(12):1524-1536. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01524

Liu, S., Yan, Y., Lin, R, & Liu, L. (2011). Analysis of the relationship between test anxiety and sleep quality in middle school students. Journal of Psychology, 24(1):40-42. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1009-7201.2011.01.015

Liu, Z., Li, J., & Wang, Y. (2015). The relationship between sleep and learning and its educational implications. Global Education, 44(11):114-120. [Chinese] http://www.cqvip.com/qk/96950x/201511/666696527.html

Mirghani, H.O., Mohammed, O.S., Almurtadha, Y.M., & Ahmed, M.S. (2015). Good sleep quality is associated with better academic performance among Sudanese medical students. BMC Research Notes, 8(1):706. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1712-9

Morrison, D.N., McGee, R.O.B., & Stanton, W.R. (1992). Sleep problems in adolescence. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 31(1):94-99. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199201000-00014

Tong, X. (2016). Analysis of the difference in the academic burden of junior high school students from different family backgrounds: based on a questionnaire survey of 479 junior high school students in Nanjing. Shanghai Education Research, 2016(9): 32-35+45. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.16194/j.cnki.31-1059/g4.2016.09.008

Wolfson, A.R., & Carskadon, M.A. (2003). Understanding adolescent’s sleep patterns and school performance: A critical appraisal. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 7(6):491-506. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1087-0792(03)90003-7

Yang, D., Luo, C., Sun, L., Zhou, Y., Zhang, Z., Qu, S., & Feng, X. (2018). Analysis of the correlation between sleep time and academic performance of high school students in Shanghai. Shanghai Preventive Medicine, 30(3):194-197. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.19428/j.cnki.sjpm.2018.18609

Zhao, S., & Li, S. (2012). Research progress on the correlation between adolescent sleep and academic performance. Chinese Journal of Child Health Care, 20(9):820-821+852. [Chinese] http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-ERTO201209016.htm

Zhao, Y., & Xue, H. (2018). A study on the impact of participation in extracurricular tutoring on sleep time of Chinese junior high school students: Based on an empirical analysis of sixteen junior middle schools in Beijing. Journal of Schooling Studies, 15(6):62-74. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1005-2232.2018.06.008

Zheng, L., Wan, L., & Li, Z. (2001). Linear regression analysis of the impact of learning pressure on students’ mental and physical health. Chinese School Health, 22(3):224-225. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1000-9817.2001.03.028
How to Cite
Liu, J., Zhao, L., Du, X., & Xu, G. (2020). Study on the Ideal Matching Mode of Sleep Time and High Academic Performance of High School Students in China and Its Early Warning Mechanism. Best Evidence in Chinese Education, 6(2), 845-861. https://doi.org/10.15354/bece.20.ar074