Published Mar 30, 2019

Pengcheng Wang

Xin Gong  


Based on the data from the China Family Panel Survey, this study uses the logit model to estimate the household income effect on the chance of children's preschool attendance and their choice of preschools. The results showed that a 100% increase in household income per capital is associated with an increase of 2.6% in the probability of a child’s preschool attending. Following the classification of preschools with different characteristics, we found that household income has a large impact on children’s public preschool attending. The age of children, household registration status, and the family size show statistically significant effect on the preschool attendance and a significant difference exist between urban and rural areas on this issue. Compared with those living in urban areas, rural children are more significantly influenced by family income in respect of the preschool education chance.



Family Income, Preschool Attendance, The Choice of Preschools

Bai, T., Xiong, X. Y., & Wang, S. J. (2012) An analysis on the preschool education financing in china. Education & Economy; 1: 29-33. (in Chinese)

Bassok, D., Fitzpatrick, M., & Loeb, S. (2011) Disparities in child care availability across communities: differential reflection of targeted interventions and local demand. Retrieved from https://cepa.stanford.edu/content/disparities-child-care-availability-across-communities-differential-reflection-targeted-interventions-and-local-demand

Bennett, J. (2008) Early childhood services in the OECD countries: review of the literature and current policy in the early childhood field. UNICEF working papers. Retrieved from https://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/502-early-childhood-services-in-the-oecd-countries-review-of-the-literature-and-current.html

Brown, P. H. (2006) Parental education and investment in children’s human capital in ru-ral china. Economic Development & Cultural Change; 54(4): 759-789.

Chiswick, B. R., & Debburman, N. (2004) Pre-school enrollment: An analysis by immigrant generation. Social Science Research; 35(1): 60-87.

Connelly, D. R. (2005). The influences of local price and availability on parents" choice of child care. Population Research and Policy Review.

Cui, S. Q., CNY, L. S., & Tian, Z. L. (2011) On the role of the government in the development of preschool education – based on the analysis of economic theory and practical experience. Studies in Preschool Education; 197(5): 3-8. (in Chinese)

Fang, C. C. (2011) The influences of family background on individual’s educational at-tainment: an analysis from the perspective of residential differentiation. Journal of Educa-tional Studies; 6: 118-126. (in Chinese)

Foguel, M. N., & Veloso, F. A. (2014) Inequality of opportunity in daycare and preschool services in Brazil. Journal of Economic Ine-quality; 12(2): 191-220.

Fuller, B., Holloway, S. D., & Liang, X. (1996) Family selection of child-care centers: the influence of household support, ethnicity, and parental practices. Child Development; 67(6): 3320-3337.

Fuller, B., & Liang, X. (1996) Market failure? estimating inequality in preschool availability. Educational Evaluation & Policy Analysis; 18(1): 31-49.

Gong, X., Xu, D., & Han, W. J. (2015) House-hold income and preschool attendance in china. Child Development; 86(1): 194–208.

Hannum, E., Werum, R., Fuller, B., & Baker, D. (2003) Grandmothers, formal care, and edu-cational advantage in china. Research in the Sociology of Education; 14(03): 7-31.

Hong, X. M., & Luo, L. (2012) Analysis of the differences in preschool education develop-ment in urban and rural china from the pro-spective of education equity. Journal of Edu-cational Studies; 8(5): 73-81. (in Chinese)

Liu, G. Y., Chen, Y. Y., & Chen, W. W. (2016) Research on the preschool education oppor-tunities of children with different background from the perspective of education equity – based on the investigation data of shenzhen. Education & Economy; 5: 23-29. (in Chinese)

Liu, Y., Li, Z. Y., & Pan, Y. J. (2008) Compara-tive study on environment quality of kinder-gartens of different financial input and man-agement system. Studies in Preschool Education; 164(08): 7-11. (in Chinese)

Liu, Z. L., & Gao, B. C. (2013) Research on the comprehensive development level of pre-school education. Educational Research; 399(4): 30-37. (in Chinese)

Song, Z. M., & Liu, X. L. (2013) Investment on the preschool education of urban low-income families. Studies in Preschool Education; 219(3): 39-49. (in Chinese)

Wang, H. M., W, Y. X., & Huang, C. (2017) Family socioeconomic status, preschool ed-ucation and the adolescents’ cognitive & non-cognitive abilities. Youth Studies. (in Chinese)

Xia, J., Pang, L. J., & Zhang, X. (2014) On China’s policy on institutional reform of early childhood education investment. Studies in Preschool Education; (8): 19-23. (in Chinese)

Xing, Y., & Hu, Y. M. (2015) Access to pre-schooling for migrant children in Mainland China: With Special Reference to Socioeco-nomic Background & Migration Pattern. Education & Economy; 3: 52-57. (in Chinese)

Xu, J., & Zong, Q, Q. (2016) Household income and children's higher education opportunities in China during the transition period. World Economic Papers; 6: 24-41. (in Chinese)

Ye, X, Y., (2012) “School choice by right”: parents' political capital and children’s school choice. World Economic Papers; 4: 52-73. (in Chinese).
How to Cite
Wang, P., & Gong, X. (2019). Family Income and Its Relation to Preschool Education in China: Empirical Research Based on CFPS Survey Data. Best Evidence in Chinese Education, 1(2), 67-86. https://doi.org/10.15354/bece.19.ar1017