The articles included in this issue mainly focus on: (1) The impact of elementary and middle school teachers’ salary levels on students’ participation in extracurricular tutoring. (2) The current status, sources and influencing factors of preschool teachers’ professional pressure in rural China. (3) The status quo, characteristics and countermeasures of elementary school teachers’ verbal violence against students. (4) Large sample survey research during the COVID-19 pandemic. These are important issues in the current reform and development of basic education in China. They are essential for understanding the crux of the problem and further promoting reforms in related fields.