Published Mar 30, 2021

Ping Bai

Jiacheng Zhang

Jijun Yao  


To discuss physical education (P.E.) teachers serving as head teachers, it should be reasonable and evidence-based. Previous studies did not provide sufficient scientific evidence to answer this hotly debated question. Therefore, this study first adopted rigorous experimental research methods, focusing on analyzing whether a P.E. teacher serving as a head teacher would affect student performance. On this basis, the robustness of the experimental results was verified through qualitative research. The results showed that a P.E. teacher serving as a head teacher would not adversely affect students’ academic performance and maybe more conducive to students’ overall development. Based on this conclusion, we further suggested how to improve the appointment and management of head teachers.



Physical Education Teacher, Academic Performance, Experimental Research

Supporting Agencies

This study was one of the accomplishments of Nanjing Normal University’s horizontal project “Quality School Construction Based on Evidence-Based Education Research” (Sponsor: Jiangsu Huajie Education Group). Meanwhile, this study was also funded by the “Jiangsu University Advantage Discipline Construc-tion Project Funding Project” (PAPD)

Angrist, J.D. & Pischke, J.S. (2009). Mostly Harmless Econometrics: An Empiricist’s Companion, Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp9-pp18. ISBN: 978-0-691-12034-8.

Chen, X. (2014). A brief analysis of discrimina-tion against physical education teachers. Sports Culture Guide, 32(12):122-125. [Chi-nese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1671-1572.2014.12.032

Cheung, A.C. & Slavin, R.E. (2016). How meth-odological features affect effect sizes in edu-cation. Educational Researcher, 45(5):283-292. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.3102/0013189X16656615

Cohen, J. (1992). A Power Primer. Psychology Bulletin, 112(1):155- 159. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/0033-2909.112.1.155

Creswell, J.W., & Clark, V.L.P. (2017). Design-ing and conducting mixed methods research (3rd edition). Sage publications. ISBN: 1483344371.

Gong, W., & Zeng, X. (2020). The feasibility analysis of a physical education teacher’s work as a head teacher from the perspective of core literacy. Contemporary Sports Tech-nology, 10(12):164+166. [Chinese] DOI: https://doi.org/10.16655/j.cnki.2095-2813.2020.12.164

Kolen, M.J., & Brennan, R.L. (2014). Test equat-ing, scaling, and linking: Methods and prac-tices. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN: 978-1-4939-0317-7.

Lather, P. (2004). Scientific research in education: A critical perspective. British Educational Re-search Journal, 30(6):759-772. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0141192042000279486

Qi, K., & Wang, Z. (2020). Analysis of physical education teachers’ status quo in primary and middle schools as “class teachers”. China Economist, 32(7):193-194. [Chinese] https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-JJSS202007099.htm

Shi, X. (2021). Can a non-core subject teacher serve as a homeroom teacher? Discussion on the dispute between core and non-core subject teacher as homeroom teacher. Science In-sights Education Frontiers, 8(1):989-1000.

Slavin, R.E. (2020). How evidence-based reform will transform research and practice in educa-tion. Educational Psychologist, 55(1):21-31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00461520.2019.1611432

Wang, J., Yu, L., Xiong, W., & Qi, X. (2009). The influence of parent-child, peer, teacher-student relationship on junior high school students. Journal of Psychological Science, 32(6):1439-1441. [Chinese] https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-XLKX200906046.htm

Zhao, Q. (2020). “Sports teacher was complained about being a class teacher,” the Ministry of Education uttered an interpretation. Tencent News. [Chinese] https://xw.qq.com/cmsid/20201017A0CT9I00?f=newdc [2020-11-25]

Zheng, H., Wen, Z., & Wu, Y. (2011). Selection and analysis of commonly used effect sizes in psychology. Advances in Psychological Sci-ence, 19(12):1868-1878. [Chinese] http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2011/V19/I12/1868

Zhou, S., Gu, H., & Yao, J. (2018). From “hard study” to “skillful study”: Analyzing the key factors affecting students’ academic perfor-mance-an empirical study based on the moni-toring data of 262,245 students’ academic quality in Jiangsu Province. Primary and Secondary School Management, 32(11):39-43. [Chinese]
How to Cite
Bai, P., Zhang, J., & Yao, J. (2021). Is It Reliable for Physical Education Teacher to be A Head teacher? A Mixed-Method Study. Best Evidence in Chinese Education, 7(2), 949–960. https://doi.org/10.15354/bece.21.or019
Original Article