Published Nov 30, 2021

Yirui Song

Lei Wang  


To explore the relationship and mechanism of school loose-tight culture to middle school bullying, a total of 808 students were selected from three middle schools in Dehong Prefecture, Yunnan Province of China, to conduct a questionnaire survey. The study used the school loose-tight culture scale, the collective moral disengagement scale, the collective efficacy scale, and the bullying scale for middle school students. The results showed that (i) school loose-tight culture significantly predicted the occurrence of school bullying; (ii) school loose-tight culture was significantly negatively correlated with collective moral disengagement and school bullying but positively correlated with collective efficacy. Further, collective moral disengagement was significantly positively correlated with school bullying, but collective efficacy was significantly negatively correlated with school bullying; (iii) school loose-tight culture inhibited school bullying through the dual mediating effects of collective moral disengagement and collective efficacy at the same time.



School Loose-Tight Culture, Collective Moral Disengagement, Collective Efficacy, Campus Bullying

Supporting Agencies

This work was supported by the National Social Science Fund Project “Mental Generation Mechanism and Intervention Research on Campus Violence in Middle School Students” (project #: 16BSH104).

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How to Cite
Song, Y., & Wang, L. (2021). The Influence of School Loose-Tight Culture on Bullying of Middle School Students: The Mediating Role of Collective Moral Disengagement and Collective Efficacy. Best Evidence in Chinese Education, 9(2), 1263–1272. https://doi.org/10.15354/bece.21.ar060