How to realize the global development of children with intellectual disability is a complicated social issue. When a child has intellectual disability or is on the verge of intellectual disability, the environment the child is in and the humanistic support the child obtains play a vital role in achieving the global development. Given the intrinsic factors cannot be changed, and then the extrinsic interventions subsequently become the only means for children with intellectual disability to achieve personal development. However, conventional education cannot meet the special needs of children with intellectual disabilities, so training special supporting teachers has become the best choice to achieve this goal.
Intellectual Disability, Education, Extrinsic Intervention, Intrinsic Factor, Equity
De Giorgio, A. (2017). The roles of motor activity and environmental enrichment in intellectual disability. Somatosensory & Motor Research, 34(1):34-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08990220.2016.1278204
Gaggioli, C., & Sannipoli, M. (2021). Improving the training of support teachers in Italy: The results of a research on attitudes aimed at students with Intellectual Disabilities. Science Insights Education Frontiers, 8(2):1037-1057. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15354/sief.21.or021
Katz, G., & Lazcano-Ponce, E. (2008). Intellectual disability: definition, etiological factors, classification, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Salud Publica de Mexico, 50 Suppl 2:S132-S141. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s0036-36342008000800005
Marrus, N., & Hall, L. (2017). Intellectual disability and language disorder. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 26(3):539-554. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chc.2017.03.001
Matson, J.L., & Shoemaker, M.E. (2011). Psychopathology and intellectual disability. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 24(5):367-371. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0b013e3283422424
Maulik, P.K., Mascarenhas, M.N., Mathers, C.D., Dua, T., & Saxena, S. (2011). Prevalence of intellectual disability: A meta-analysis of population-based studies. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32(2):419-436. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2010.12.018
Printzlau, F., Wolstencroft, J., & Skuse, D.H. (2017). Cognitive, behavioral, and neural consequences of sex chromosome aneuploidy. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 95(1-2):311-319. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jnr.23951
Shea S.E. (2012). Intellectual disability (mental retardation). Pediatrics in Review, 33(3):110-121. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1542/pir.33-3-110
Webb, T.P., Thake, A.I., Bundey, S.E., & Todd, J. (1987). A cytogenetic survey of a mentally retarded school-age population with special reference to fragile sites. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research, 31(Pt 1):61-71. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.1987.tb01342.x
World Health Organization. (2021). Definition: Intellectual disability. Last access at: April 17, 2021. Retrieved from: https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/noncommunicable-diseases/mental-health/news/news/2010/15/childrens-right-to-family-life/definition-intellectual-disability
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.