Published Aug 31, 2023

Hatice Okyar  


This research study aimed to explore the speaking anxiety of Turkish learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) and its relation to EFL speaking self-efficacy, fear of negative evaluation (FNE), self-perceived English speaking proficiency, and gender. 293 (132 females, 161 males) university-level EFL students completed the EFL speaking anxiety scale, EFL speaking self-efficacy scale, and FNE scale. Four main findings were obtained as a result of the statistical analyses: (i) students’ speaking anxiety had a negative relationship with both self-perceived oral English proficiency and speaking self-efficacy, (ii) a positive relationship was determined between FNE and speaking anxiety, (iii) EFL speaking anxiety was found to be lower in boys than in girls, and (iv) speaking self-efficacy, FNE, and self-perceived oral proficiency were identified as meaningful predictors of students’ EFL speaking anxiety. In light of these findings, the study offers some pedagogical implications.


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EFL Speaking Anxiety, Speaking Self-Efficacy, Fear of Negative Evaluation, Self-Perceived Proficiency, Gender

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How to Cite
Okyar, H. (2023). Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety and its Link to Speaking Self-Efficacy, Fear of Negative Evaluation, Self-Perceived Proficiency and Gender. Science Insights Education Frontiers, 17(2), 2715–2731. https://doi.org/10.15354/sief.23.or388
Original Article