Published Mar 30, 2019

Haiping Xue  


The purpose of this study is to explore whether family capitals and shadow education affect students’ education acquisitions. The study constructs the social reproduction theory mode of family capitals influence on children’s education acquisitions. Using 2014 Chinese education tracking data, this study examined shadow education’s mediation effects on the process of family capitals affecting on education acquisitions for middle school students. Family capitals and shadow education jointly affect the education acquisitions of students, in which, shadow education plays an intermediary role between family capitals and education acquisitions for students. In sum, shadow education is increasingly becoming a supplement to school education and may become a new intermediary for family capitals influence on students' education acquisitions. The study adds to the limited literature in this particular field concerning the mediating effects of shadow education on family capitals and education acquisitions.



Family Capitals, Education Acquisitions, Shadow Education, Social Reproduction, Mediation Effect

Supporting Agencies

National Natural Science Foundation of China - “Family Capital, Shadow Education and Social Reproduction” Project (Approval Number: 71774112)

National Natural Science Foundation of China -- “Facing the Shadow Education System: Research on Supplementary Tutoring in Compulsory Education in China” Project (Approval Number: 71373165)

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How to Cite
Xue, H. (2019). Family Capitals and Education Acquisitions: Analysis on the Mediating Effect of Shadow Education. Best Evidence in Chinese Education, 1(2), 87–107. https://doi.org/10.15354/bece.19.ar1019