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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Article Type

  • Editorial: This belongs to the editors with specific comments or thoughts when they reviewed the manuscript and it will be published accompanying the paper or specific comments on current educational policies or perspective and the idea of Chinese education progress, etc. No peer review is required. No summary is required. No limitation on the number of text, references, figures, and tables.
  • Newsletter: All newsletters that appeared in BECE are selected by our expert editors from the BEiB website. No external submission will be considered for being published in BECE.
  • Original Article: All original submissions need to be the first-hand materials that are not under consideration with other journals. The journal strictly follows the Standards of International Professional Periodicals. The summary should be in one paragraph with a word limit of less than 300. No limitation on the number of references, figures, and tables. BECE suggests authors compose their manuscript(s) as introduction, methods, results, discussion, and references, but this will not restrict authors' individual compositions.
  • Article: All articles published in this category are selected from BEiB. The high quality of research is the only selection criterion. The original paper must be a high-quality paper published in Chinese. After careful selection by the experts of the BEiB editorial board, the publication can be accepted after the approval of the BECE editorial board. Therefore, the Peer Review of this type of article has been completed by the editorial board experts before being selected into BEiB. The body of the Article is generally composed of five parts: introduction, methods, results, discussion, and references (Of course, this is not the fixed format). The summary should be in one paragraph with a word limit of less than 300. No limitation on the number of references, figures, and tables.
  • Review: All review articles will be selected from BEiB or invited by our expert editors. No external submissions will be considered currently. A review paper can be mini, comprehensive, and systematic. Meta-analysis is also included in this type of paper. A paragraph summary with < 300 words is required. No limitation on the count of words in the text, and on the number of references, figures, and tables.
  • Erratum: We try the best to reduce errors when publishing papers, but it is still unavoidable. So the Erratum is set for the purpose of correction. If your publications in BECE were found any errors, please contact the editorial office with email. It is our responsibility for publishing your work in the most precise manner. No publication fee is required.


Please write your paper in American English. 

Use of language

Authors should note that they are writing for an international audience. National colloquialisms and idiomatic use of language should be avoided to the extent possible. Word choices and sentence constructions that might imply bias against persons on the basis of gender, racial or ethnic group membership, disability, sexual orientation, or age should be avoided.


Best Evidence in Chinese Education is devoted to original inquiries in Chinese education, to the evaluation and synthesis of educational scholarship, and to scholarly commentary on educational practice. BECE seeks (i) to bridge and integrate the intellectual, methodological, and substantive diversity of educational scholarship and (ii) to encourage a vigorous dialogue between Chinese educational scholars and practitioners across a full spectrum of education—from early childhood to adult education—including matters of policy and governance and of the management and conduct of schools, colleges, and universities.

Therefore, Best Evidence in Chinese Education is hospitable to scholarly writing on a variety of Chinese educational topics, from differing conceptual, methodological, and substantive approaches. Four kinds of papers are especially welcomed and selected by our expert editors: (i) research reports addressing important topics and issues; (ii) scholarly writing of other kinds—for example, theoretical statements and philosophical arguments; (iii) critical syntheses of a field of educational inquiry; and (iv) integrations of educational scholarship, policy, and practice.


All selected articles need to be submitted by the authors or our coordinator(s) into the manuscript processing system via the online submission form.

Please adhere to the requirements below when submitting.

Acceptable Formats

  • Microsoft Word (.doc, .docx)(any recent version)
  • Rich Text Format (.rtf)

File Contents

Word documents should be submitted as a single file. Authors should submit figures as separate files, in TIFF (.tif) or EPS (.eps) (not GIF [.gif] or JPEG [.jpg]) format.

Please note that authors of accepted manuscripts may be required to submit high-resolution hard copies of all figures during production, as not all digital art files are usable.

In addition to the main manuscript file, submit your cover letter as a separate file in the same format as your main file. If you used any revision or editorial tracking tools in your word-processing program, be sure the final version of your manuscript does not contain tracked changes.

Revised and Final Versions of Manuscripts

If you are submitting a revised manuscript, please include your responses to the editor's comments as part of the cover letter file. When submitting a revised manuscript with figures, including all figures, even if they have not changed since the previous version. The final version of your manuscript must be submitted in Word (doc.) or Rich Text (.rtf) format because your keystrokes will be used in publication; a PDF does not contain usable character data and is thus not adequate. For both revised and final versions of manuscripts, please observe the same formatting instructions outlined above.


Anonymity of Authors

The first editors review all potential articles first, and those deemed appropriate for BECE are sent anonymously to at least two other expert editors for review. The editors rely heavily on second editors' judgments, although the first editors are not bound by them. Strong efforts are made to ensure prompt decisions about the selection. To protect anonymity, only the title should appear on the manuscript. All identifying references and notes should be separated from other references and notes. Citations in the text to these references should be to "Identifying Reference" and the publication date.

Manuscript Selection Policy

Manuscripts are selected for publication subject to copyediting. After selection, the manuscript submission into the system indicates the author's commitment to publish in BECE and to give BECE the rights of editing if necessary. No paper is known to be under consideration by another journal.

Preparation of Copy

  • Type all copy double spaced—including indented matter, footnotes, and references—and allow generous margins at the top, bottom, and sides of the page.
  • Footnotes are to be used only for substantive observations. Number footnotes consecutively, and place them on a separate page titled "Notes."
  • Include an abstract (< 300 words) summarizing the paper's chief contribution.

Tables and Figures

Each table should be typed double spaced on a separate page and referred to in numerical order in the text. Do not use vertical lines within the table. Place footnotes at the bottom of the table; indicate footnotes with lowercase letters. For further information about the preparation of tables, see the Guidelines for Tables.

Figures should be submitted as high-quality computer graphics. For further information about the preparation of figures, see the Guidelines for Artwork.


Citations in Text

All sources listed in the reference list must be cited at appropriate points in the text by the author's last name, publication year, and pagination where appropriate, as indicated. When the author's name is in the text: Rader (1975). When the author's name is not in text: (Wills 1976). When citing pagination (for a quote): (Bell 1967, 62). With dual authorship, give both names; for three or more, use "et al." For institutional authorship, identify from the beginning of the complete citation: (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1963, 117). When more than one reference to an author was published in one year, distinguish them by use of letters (a, b) attached to the publication year: (1956a). Enclose a series of references (in alphabetical order) within one pair of parentheses, separated by semicolons: (Bowles and Gintis 1976; Coleman 1973a; Kaiser 1964).

Reference Format

List all items alphabetically by author and, within the author, by publication year on a separate page titled "References." Examples of common references follow:

  • Books and chapters in books

Bowles, S., Herbert, G. (1976). Schooling in Capitalist America. New York: Basic Books.

  • Journals and periodicals

Coleman, J.S. (1973a). Loss of power. American Sociological Review, 38:1-17.

  • Dissertation

Trent, J.W. (1964). The development of intellectual disposition within catholic colleges. PhD diss., University of California, Berkeley.

  • Various others (including internet sites)

Farber, D. (1998) Content analysis of teaching materials. Working Paper 35, College of Education, University of Michigan.

Hall, S. (2020). Inkster Schools Face State Takeover. Detroit News, April 10, 2002. http://www.detnews.com/2002/schools/0204/10.


Please have the following items readily available before beginning the online submission process:

  • Manuscript in an acceptable format as described above
  • Information from the title page: title, running title, list of authors and affiliations, and contact information for the corresponding author
  • Abstract of the manuscript (to be copied and pasted into a field in the online Submission System)


BECE is an open-access journal that makes the accepted paper freely available online immediately upon publication (“open access”). Please refer to our Open Access Policy.


 BECE publishes papers that undergo a rigorous peer-review process to ensure they meet the high exacting standards.


 All submitted manuscripts to BECE will be screened for plagiarism (including self-plagiarism) using CrossCheck. The authors are responsible for the revision if the similarity was over 5%.


The correct abbreviation for abstracting and indexing purposes is Best Evid Chin Edu.

Best Evidence in Chinese Education is committed to maintaining your confidence and trust with respect to your privacy. This privacy policy explains how we collect, use and share your personal information.
About Our Privacy Policy
This privacy policy applies to our websites, apps and other services, including programs and events, that refer or link to this privacy policy (each, a “Service”). This policy may be supplemented by additional privacy statements, terms or notices provided to you. Best Evidence in Chinese Education that owns or administers the Service, as identified therein, is the primary controller of your personal information provided to, or collected by or for, the Service.

Information We Collect
We collect information about you in three ways: directly from your input, from third-party sources, and through automated technologies.
Information You Provide To Us
The types of personal information that we collect directly from you depends on the content and features of the Service you use and how you otherwise interact with us and may include:
  • Contact details, such as your name, email address, postal address, phone number and social media handle.
  • Account login credentials, such as usernames and passwords, password hints and similar security information.
  • Other account registration and profile information, including educational, professional and other background information, such as your field of study, current position, practice area and areas of interests, gender, ORCID ID and photo.
  • Content that you upload and share or store in your account, such as annotations, comments, contributions and replies.
  • Payment information, such as a credit or debit card number, and government-issued ID numbers.
  • Information that you communicate to us, such as questions or information you send to customer support.
  • Data that you provide to us as part of interacting with the Service, such as your favorites and search queries.
  • Communications preferences, such as your preferred language and the frequency, type and format of the alerts you sign up to receive.
Data from Your Institution
We may obtain information about you from the institution with which you are employed or affiliated in order to activate and manage your access to and use of the institution’s subscription to the Service, including:
  • Contact details, such as your name and institutional email address, postal address and phone number;
  • Other account registration information, such as job title; and/or
  • Institutional user ID.
Data from Other Sources
We also may obtain contact details and other information about you from other entities and third parties, including:
  • Social networks when that you grant permission to the Service to access your data on one or more networks;
  • Service providers that help us determine a location in order to customize certain products to your location;
  • Partners with which we offer co-branded services or engage in joint marketing activities; and/or
  • Publicly available sources and data suppliers from which we obtain data to validate or supplement the information we hold and to support the Service.
Device and Usage Data
The Service may automatically collect information about how you and your device interact with the Service, such as:
  • Computer, device and connection information, such as IP address, browser type and version, operating system and other software installed on your device, unique device identifier and other technical identifiers, error reports and performance data.
  • Usage data, such as the features you used, the settings you selected, URL click stream data, including date and time stamp and referring and exit pages, and pages you visited on the Service.
  • For educational Services, the course modules and test questions you view, answer or complete.
  • For location-aware Services, the physical location of your device.
We collect this data through our servers and the use of cookies and other technologies. You can control cookies through your browser's settings and other tools.  However, if you choose to block certain cookies, you may not be able to register, login, or access certain parts or make full use of the Service. For more details, visit the cookie notice of the Service.

How We Use Your Information
We are committed to delivering a relevant and useful experience to you. Depending on how you interact with us and the Service, we use your personal information to:
  • Provide, activate and manage your access to and use of the Service;
  • Process and fulfill a request, order, download, subscription or other transaction;
  • Offer you customized content and other personalization to make the Service more efficient for you and more relevant to your interests and geography;
  • Enhance and improve the Service, such as add new content and features;
  • Notify you about changes, updates and other announcements related to the Service;
  • Deliver targeted advertisements, promotional messages, and other information related to the Service and to your interests;
  • Provide technical, product and other support and help to keep the Service working, safe and secure; and/or
  • Identify usage trends and develop data analysis, including for the purposes of research, audits, reporting and other business operations, such as to pay royalties and license fees to third-party content providers, determine the effectiveness of our promotional campaigns, evaluate our business performance, or in other ways pursuant to a customer agreement.
We may also use your personal information to:
  • Respond to your requests, inquiries, comments or concerns;
  • Invite you to submit or review manuscripts or otherwise participate in our publishing programs;
  • Issue payments and statements, such as for royalties and editorial fees;
  • Conduct and administer user testing and surveys as well as sweepstakes, competitions and similar promotions;
  • Provide you with relevant promotional messages and other information about products, events and services of ours, our group companies and third parties such as societies and sponsors;
  • Enhance and improve our products, events and services and develop new ones; and/or
  • Comply with our legal obligations, resolve disputes and enforce our agreements.

Sharing of Your Information
We share your personal information in the following ways and contexts.
Your Institution
If you access the Service through a subscription administered by your institution, your personal information and certain usage data gathered through the Service, such as the number of items you downloaded, any fee-based items you accessed, and test scores, may be accessed by or shared with the administrators authorized by your institution for the purposes of usage analysis, subscription management, course management and testing and remediation.  If your institution is a corporation or other business entity, additional usage data, such as the types of records you viewed and the number of searches you ran, also may be shared for the purposes of cost attribution and departmental budgeting.
We may also disclose to your institution or other third parties non-personally identifiable information, such as anonymous usage data reports and aggregated information, subject to any applicable legal or contractual obligations.
Our Group Companies and Service Providers
Depending on the Service provided, we share your personal information with our:
  • Affiliates, trading names and divisions within the Best Evidence in Chinese Education group of companies and departments (for a list, visit http://www.basehq.org/content/department).
  • Suppliers and service providers, including editors, reviewers, payment processors, customer support, email service providers, event venues and service providers, mailing houses, shipping agents and IT service providers;
to process the information as necessary to provide the Service, complete a transaction or fulfill your request or otherwise on our behalf based on our instructions and in compliance with this privacy policy and any other appropriate confidentiality and security measures.
Your Choices
We may also share your personal information with our group companies and with sponsors, joint venture partners and other third parties, including entities for which we are acting as an agent, licensee, application host or publisher, such as societies, that wish to send you information about their products and services that may be of interest to you as determined by your choices in managing your communications preferences and other settings.
The Service may let you post and share personal information, comments, messages, materials and other content. Any such information that you disclose publicly or in discussion fora in the Service may be collected and used by others, may be indexed by search engines, and might not be able to be removed.  Please be careful when disclosing personal information in these public areas.
Legal Reasons
We also will disclose your personal information if we have a good faith belief that such disclosure is necessary to:
  • meet any applicable law, regulation, legal process or other legal obligation;
  • detect, investigate and help prevent security, fraud or technical issues; and/or
  • protect the rights, property or safety of Best Evidence in Chinese Education, our users, employees or others;
and as part of a corporate transaction, such as a transfer of a journal or other assets to or an acquisition by or merger with another company.

Your Personal Account
If you create a personal user account and was approved by any our service companies and publishing parties, you can only sign in with the account just within the service you want. You do not have the same credential to sign in other services provided by Best Evidence in Chinese Education.

Administrator Data
If you are an administrator of an institution with a subscription to a Service, we will use your details to communicate with you about your institution’s subscription and related services. If you supply us contact information of your colleagues, we may include a reference to you when we contact those individuals with communications about the Service.

Your Communications Preferences
You can customize and manage your communications preferences and other settings when you register with the Service, by updating your account features and preferences, by using the “opt-in/out” or subscribe/unsubscribe mechanisms or other means provided within the communications that you receive from us or by contacting us.  We reserve the right to notify you of changes or updates to the Service whenever necessary.

Accessing and Updating Your Information
The Service may allow registered users to directly access their account information and make corrections or updates at any time.
Keeping such information up to date is solely the responsibility of the user. Registered users may also close their account directly through the Service or by contacting the Service’s customer support.
You have the right under the United States of America and certain other privacy and data protection laws, as may be applicable, to request free of charge:
  • Access to and correction and deletion of your personal information;
  • Restriction of our processing of your personal information, or to object to our processing; and/or
  • Portability of your personal information.
If you wish to exercise any of these rights, please contact us. We will respond to your request consistent with applicable laws. To protect your privacy and security, we may require you to verify your identity. You may designate an authorized agent to make a request on your behalf subject to proof of identity and authorization.

Your California Privacy Rights
Under the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (“CCPA”), you have the further right to request that we disclose to you (i) the categories of personal information we collected about you and the categories of sources from which we collected such information; (ii) the specific pieces of personal information we collected about you; (iii) the business or commercial purpose for collecting personal information about you; and (iv) the categories of personal information about you that we shared or disclosed and the categories of third parties with whom we shared or to whom we disclosed such information in the preceding 12 months. You also have the right to not be discriminated against in pricing and services because you exercise any of your rights under the CCPA. Best Evidence in Chinese Education does not sell personal information to third parties within the scope of the application of the CCPA.

Data Retention
We retain your personal information for as long as necessary to provide the Service and fulfill the transactions you have requested, or for other essential purposes such as complying with our legal obligations, maintaining business and financial records, resolving disputes, maintaining security, detecting and preventing fraud and abuse, and enforcing our agreements.

Data Security
We take precautions to safeguard your personal information against loss, theft and misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction through the use of appropriate technical and organizational measures.

Locations of Processing
Your personal information may be stored and processed in your region or another country where Best Evidence in Chinese Education companies and their service providers maintain servers and facilities.
We take steps, including through contracts, to ensure that the information continues to be protected wherever it is located in a manner consistent with the standards of protection required under applicable law.

Grounds for Processing
When we collect from you any personal information within the scope of the USA data protection laws, we do so:
  • where necessary to provide the Service, fulfill a transaction or otherwise perform a contract with you or at your request prior to entering into a contract;
  • where necessary for our compliance with applicable law or other legal obligation;
  • where necessary for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest;
  • where applicable, with your consent; and/or
  • as necessary to operate our business, protect the security of our systems, customers and users, detect or prevent fraud, or fulfill our other legitimate interests as described in the sections above, except where our interests are overridden by your privacy rights.
Where we rely on your consent to process personal information, you have the right to withdraw your consent at any time, and where we rely on legitimate interests, you may have the right to object to our processing.

We will update this privacy policy from time to time.  Any changes will be posted on this page with an updated revision date. If we make any material changes, we will provide notice through the Service or by other means.

If you have any questions, comments, complaints or requests regarding this privacy policy or our processing of your information, please contact the Best Evidence in Chinese Education Data Division via the Contact Us.
You also may lodge a complaint with the data protection authority in the applicable jurisdiction.

Last updated: January 09th, 2020